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Unit Testing Support with Element/String outputs.
version 2.0.0
license MIT
native-modules False
elm-version 0.15.0 <= v < 0.17.0
Tag 2.0.0
Committed At 2015-10-13 20:56:38 UTC
laszlopandy/elm-console 1.0.1 <= v < 2.0.0 1.1.1
elm-lang/core 2.0.0 <= v < 4.0.0 3.0.0

README

Elm-Test Build Status

A unit testing framework for Elm

Creating Tests

Creating a test case is very simple. You only need a name and an assertion:

myTest = test "Example Test" (assert True)

For convenience, there is a function to create a name for you based on the inputs:

-- Test name will be "5 == 5"
myTest = defaultTest (assertEqual 5 5)

As well as a function to create an assertEqual tests, again deriving a name based on the inputs:

myTest = defaultTest (5 `assertEqual` 5)

There are four different types of assertions:

AssertTrue
AssertFalse
AssertEqual
AssertNotEqual

As well as functions for making these assertions:

assert : Bool -> Assertion
assertEqual : a -> a -> Assertion
assertNotEqual : a -> a -> Assertion
assertionList : List a -> List a -> List Assertion

Example usage of these functions might be:

assert        (a > 5)             -- Returns an AssertTrue assertion
assertEqual    a b                -- Returns an AssertEqual assertion
assertNotEqual a b                -- Returns an AssertNotEqual assertion
assertionList [a, b, c] [d, e, f] -- Shorthand for [assertEqual a d, assertEqual b e, assertEqual c f]

Grouping Tests

Writing many tests as a flat list quickly becomes unwieldy. For easier maintenance you can group tests into logical units called test suites. The following function will create a test suite from a suite name and a list of tests:

suite : String -> List Test -> Test

The type of a test suite is simply Test, allowing use of all the test runners with either a single test or a suite of tests. Test suites can also contain subsuites, of course.

The other benefit of grouping tests into suites is that the test runners described in the following sections will greatly simplify the output, showing only detailed information in suites that contain failed tests, making it easier to quickly spot the failures instead of being flooded with irrelevant data.

Running Tests

Running a test produces a result. A result is either a pass, a failure, or a report containing detailed results from the tests or subsuites contained in a suite. All results contain the name of the test or suite that was run, and failures additionally contain a failure message giving a hint as to why the test failed.

The most basic way to run a test is the run function, which has the type signature Test -> Result. A test suite can also be run all at once, again with the run function.

A Report is of type {results : List Result, passes : List Result, failures : List Result}. There is no built-in way to display results, but there are functions for running tests and immediately seeing the results.

Displaying Results

In ElmTest.Runner.Element lives runDisplay : Test -> Element, which is an easy way to run your tests and report the results in-browser, as a standard Elm module. A full example could be:

-- Example.elm
import String

import ElmTest.Test exposing (test, Test, suite)
import ElmTest.Assertion exposing (assert, assertEqual)
import ElmTest.Runner.Element exposing (runDisplay)

tests : Test
tests = suite "A Test Suite"
        [ test "Addition" (assertEqual (3 + 7) 10)
        , test "String.left" (assertEqual "a" (String.left 1 "abcdefg"))
        , test "This test should fail" (assert False)
        ]

main : Element
main = runDisplay tests

Compile this with elm-make Example.elm --output Example.html and open the resulting file in your browser, and you'll see the results.

Another method is the runDispay : Test -> String function in ElmTest.Runner.String. This is almost the same, but it returns a String instead of an Element. The String is a summary of the overall test results. Here's the same example as before, but modified for ElmTest.Runner.String:

-- Example.elm
import String

import ElmTest.Test exposing (test, Test)
import ElmTest.Assertion exposing (assert, assertEqual)
import ElmTest.Runner.String exposing (runDisplay)

tests : Test
tests = suite "A Test Suite"
        [ test "Addition" (assertEqual (3 + 7) 10)
        , test "String.left" (assertEqual "a" (String.left 1 "abcdefg"))
        , test "This test should fail" (assert False)
        ]

results : String
results = runDisplay tests

main : Element
main = plainText results

There is one more version of this function. runDisplay : Test -> IO () which lives in ElmTest.Runner.Console. This is designed to work with Max New's Elm IO library. See the below section on Testing from the Command Line for details.

Demo

For a quick demo, you can compile the ElementExample.elm file, or continue to the next section:

Testing from the Command Line

See https://github.com/maxsnew/IO for details, but here's the short version: Make a file that uses the IO runner and sets up the appropriate ports:

-- Example.elm
import String

import IO.IO exposing (..)
import IO.Runner exposing (Request, Response, run)
import ElmTest.Test exposing (test, Test)
import ElmTest.Assertion exposing (assert, assertEqual)
import ElmTest.Runner.Console exposing (runDisplay)

tests : Test
tests = suite "A Test Suite"
        [ test "Addition" (assertEqual (3 + 7) 10)
        , test "String.left" (assertEqual "a" (String.left 1 "abcdefg"))
        , test "This test should fail" (assert False)
        ]

port requests : Signal Request
port requests = run responses (runDisplay tests)

port responses : Signal Responseresults : String

Then download the elm-io.sh script and jsdom to run it: (On Windows, jsdom is somewhat difficult to install. Refer to this blog post for detailed instructions)

$ npm install jsdom
...
$ curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/maxsnew/IO/master/elm-io.sh > elm-io.sh
$ elm-make Example.elm --output raw-test.js
$ bash elm-io.sh raw-test.js test.js
$ node test.js
  5 suites run, containing 17 tests
  3 suites and 16 tests passed
  2 suites and 1 tests failed

Test Suite: A Test Suite: FAILED
  Test Suite: Some tests: all tests passed
  Test Suite: Some other tests: FAILED
    8 == 1: FAILED. Expected: 8; got: 1
    3 == 3: passed.
    True: passed.
    test head: passed.
  Test Suite: More tests!: all tests passed
  3 == 3: passed.
  Test Suite: Even more!!: all tests passed

While the Element display is nicest to read, the IO runner is amenable to automated testing. If a test suite passes the script will exit with exit code 0, and if it fails it will exit with 1.

Integrating With Travis CI

With Elm-Test and IO, it is now possible to run continuous integration tests with Travis CI on your Elm projects. Just set up Travis CI for your repository as normal, write tests with Elm-Test, and include a .travis.yml file based on the following:

language: haskell
install:
  - cabal install elm-make
  - cabal install elm-package
  - curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/maxsnew/IO/master/elm-io.sh > elm-io.sh
  - npm install jsdom
  - elm-package install -y
before_script: 
  - elm-make --yes --output raw-test.js Tests/Tests.elm
  - bash elm-io.sh raw-test.js test.js
script: node test.js

For convenience, we've also uploaded precompiled binaries based on the official Elm 0.14 release and a setup script to http://deadfoxygrandpa.github.io/elm-travis-cache which is being used in the .travis.yml in this repository. With this script, the previous .travis.yml example can be reduced to:

language: haskell
install:
- wget http://deadfoxygrandpa.github.io/elm-travis-cache/elm-test-install.sh
- bash elm-test-install.sh
before_script:
- ./elm-make --yes --output raw-test.js Tests/Tests.elm
- bash elm-io.sh raw-test.js test.js
script: node test.js