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1.0.0
KaTeX in elm (without ports): a fast LaTeX rendering library from Kahn Academy.
version 2.0.0
license BSD3
native-modules False
elm-version 0.18.0 <= v < 0.19.0
Tag 2.0.0
Committed At 2017-07-26 15:26:34 UTC
elm-lang/html 2.0.0 <= v < 3.0.0 2.0.0
elm-lang/core 5.1.1 <= v < 6.0.0 5.1.1

README

KaTeX for Elm

Create strings or HTML elements with math using the Kahn Academy's KaTeX javascript library.

No ports are necessary, but the KaTeX library must be loaded in the event loop. See §Loading KaTeX at the bottom for details.

The layout of this Elm package

There are four modules in this package: Katex, Katex.Configs.Math, Katex.Configs.Human, and Katex.Configs. They all perform the same task, but at different levels of customizability.

They all contain alike LaTeX instance creators:

  • human - for writing regular text
  • inline - for writing LaTeX code in inline math environment
  • display- for writing LaTeX code in display math environment

and alike processors for showing LaTeX:

  • print - for turning a LaTeX instance into a string
  • generate - for generating functions that process LaTeX

The only difference between the modules is their simplicity-versatility tade-off.

How it works

We use human for writing regular text, and inline/display to write LaTeX code in inline/display math environment. These all return LaTeX instances.

Each such LaTeX instance can be printed to a string (which the KaTeX library will recognize and parse after Elm loads). More generally, you can generate a function which parses LaTeX instances into anything.

Working examples

We will start with the simplest module, then show what can be done with the others.

Katex

In this example we use generate to create an HTML emitting function which puts display math in a div, but inline math and human text in a span.

module Examples.Simple exposing (main)

import Html as H exposing (Html)
import Katex as K
    exposing
        ( Latex
        , human
        , inline
        , display
        )


passage : List Latex
passage =
    [ human "We denote by "
    , inline "\\phi"
    , human " the formula for which "
    , display "\\Gamma \\vDash \\phi"
    ]


view : Html a
view =
    let
        htmlGenerator isDisplayMode stringLatex =
            case isDisplayMode of
                Just True ->
                    H.div [] [ H.text stringLatex ]

                _ ->
                    H.span [] [ H.text stringLatex ]
    in
        passage
            |> List.map (K.generate htmlGenerator)
            |> H.div []


main : Program Never () msg
main =
    H.beginnerProgram
        { model = ()
        , update = flip always
        , view = always view
        }

Katex.Configs.Math

In this module we can configure how math code is parsed. In the following example, we use this functionality to replace \phi with \varphi, depending on the model.

module Examples.Configs.Math exposing (main)

import Html as H exposing (Html)
import Regex exposing (HowMany(All), regex, escape, replace)
import Katex.Configs.Math as K
    exposing
        ( Latex
        , human
        )


type alias Config =
    Bool


type alias Data =
    String


selector : Data -> Config -> String
selector string isVar =
    let
        phi =
            string

        varphi =
            replace All (regex (escape "\\phi")) (always "\\varphi") string
    in
        if isVar then
            varphi
        else
            phi


inline : Data -> Latex Config
inline =
    K.inline << selector


display : Data -> Latex Config
display =
    K.display << selector


passage : List (Latex Config)
passage =
    [ human "We denote by "
    , inline "\\phi"
    , human " the formula for which "
    , display "\\Gamma \\vDash \\phi"
    ]


view : Config -> Html a
view isVar =
    let
        htmlGenerator _ _ stringLatex =
            H.span [] [ H.text stringLatex ]
    in
        passage
            |> List.map (K.generate htmlGenerator isVar)
            |> H.div []


main : Program Never Config msg
main =
    H.beginnerProgram
        { model = True
        , update = flip always
        , view = view
        }

Katex.Configs.Human

In this module we can configure how human text is parsed. In the following example, we use this functionality to switch between Hebrew and English, depending on the model.

module Examples.Configs.Human exposing (main)

import Html as H exposing (Html)
import Html.Attributes exposing (dir)
import Katex.Configs.Human as K
    exposing
        ( Latex
        , inline
        , display
        )


type alias Config =
    Bool


type alias Data =
    ( String, String )


selector : Data -> Config -> String
selector ( english, hebrew ) isHeb =
    if isHeb then
        hebrew
    else
        english


human : Data -> Latex Config
human =
    K.human << selector


passage : List (Latex Config)
passage =
    [ human
        ( "We denote by "
        , "נסמן ב "
        )
    , inline "\\phi"
    , human
        ( " the formula for which "
        , " את הנוסחה עבורה "
        )
    , display "\\Gamma \\vDash \\phi"
    , human
        ( "."
        , "."
        )
    ]


view : Config -> Html a
view isHeb =
    let
        direction =
            if isHeb then
                dir "rtl"
            else
                dir "ltr"

        htmlGenerator _ _ stringLatex =
            H.span [] [ H.text stringLatex ]
    in
        passage
            |> List.map (K.generate htmlGenerator isHeb)
            |> H.div [ direction ]


main : Program Never Config msg
main =
    H.beginnerProgram
        { model = True
        , update = flip always
        , view = view
        }

Katex.Configs

In this module we can configure how both math code and human text are parsed - a combination of the previous modules.

Loading KaTeX

Beyond the need to load the KaTeX library (both css and js), the KaTeX script must run after Elm has loaded the text. The minimal example below of a working page should explain this concept in practice.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"/>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/KaTeX/0.7.1/katex.min.css" integrity="sha384-wITovz90syo1dJWVh32uuETPVEtGigN07tkttEqPv+uR2SE/mbQcG7ATL28aI9H0" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <style>
      /* LaTeX display environment will effect the LaTeX characters but not the layout on the page */
      span.katex-display {
        display: inherit; /* You may comment this out if you want the default behavior */
      }
    </style>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/KaTeX/0.7.1/katex.min.js" integrity="sha384-/y1Nn9+QQAipbNQWU65krzJralCnuOasHncUFXGkdwntGeSvQicrYkiUBwsgUqc1" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/KaTeX/0.7.1/contrib/auto-render.min.js" integrity="sha384-dq1/gEHSxPZQ7DdrM82ID4YVol9BYyU7GbWlIwnwyPzotpoc57wDw/guX8EaYGPx" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <title></title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <!-- Exposing `Elm.Main` -->
    <script src="main.js"></script>
    <!-- Run the app + render LaTeX using KaTeX (note the `setTimeout`!) -->
    <script>Elm.Main.fullscreen(); setTimeout(function () {
      renderMathInElement(document.body, {delimiters: [{left: "$begin-inline$", right: "$end-inline$", display: false},{left: "$begin-display$", right: "$end-display$", display: true}]});
    }, 0);</script>
  </body>
</html>